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First and foremost, I want to thank Vincent Perez for giving me the chance to use his masterful anatomical illustrations and for being a dear friend and mentor. You are, in my opinion, simply the best living anatomical illustrator on the planet. I would also like to thank Vincent’s wife, Bette Perez, for being so hospitable and welcoming as I took up countless hours of Vincent’s precious time.


I want to thank my Mother for bringing me into this world, and for instilling into me an appreciation of art, intuition and compassion. I also thank my Father, William L. Jacobs, the English professor, for his time and dedication to editing this book.  Finally, I want to thank each and every one of my massage clients who have given me the chance to learn anatomy in the best way, through palpation.


Encouragement to learn about the human body has come from many people, including my late grandmother, Ruth Hanson (a reflexologist), my Aunt, Bonnie Hanson (a physical therapist), and Dell Redding (my first anatomy professor) and many other people whose names would be too many to list.


Finally, I feel the greatest credit should be given to the anatomists of the past. The body has been studied and sketched since the days of Leonardo da Vinci. It is frightening to imagine the many medical and anatomical breakthroughs that would not have been achieved, or even attempted, without such early work.


If you are interested in further examination of the great historical anatomists, I recommend the following:


Da Vinci, Leonardo. Drawings by Leonardo da Vinci  (Italy: 1474 - 1515): Study of Arms and Hands, c. 1474, Proportions of the Head, c. 1488-9, View of a Skull, c. 1489, View of a Skull, c. 1489, Study of a Womb, c. 1489, Proportions of the Face and Eye, c. 1489, Coition of a Hemisected Man and Woman, c. 1492, The Principal Organs and Vascular and Urino-Genital Systems of a Woman, c. 1507, Study of Brain Physiology, c. 1508, Studies of the Shoulder and Neck, c. 1509-1510, Studies of the Arm showing the Movements made by the Biceps, c. 1510, Views of a Fetus in the Womb, c. 1510-12, Anatomy of the Neck, c. 1515, Study of Skeletons c. 1510.


Clayton, Martin.  Leonardo da Vinci: The Anatomy of Man.  Boston: Bulfinch Press, 1992.      Published on the occasion of the exhibition Leonardo da Vinci: The Anatomy of Man at the Museum of Art, Houston, June 28 - September 6, 1992.  Includes drawings from the collection of her majesty Queen Elizabeth II.     


Clayton, Martin.  Leonardo da Vinci: A Singular Vision.  New York: Abbeville Press, 1996. Discusses the function and technique of Leonardo’s drawings, including his anatomical drawings.     


Keele, Kenneth D. and Anthony Blunt. Leonardo da Vinci: Anatomical Drawings (Los Angeles: L.A. County Museum of Art, 1976). Published to accompany an exhibition of Leonardo’s anatomical drawings at the (Los Angeles Co. Museum of Art, August 5 - September 5, 1976).     


Kelen, Emery. Leonardo da Vinci’s Advice to Artists (Philadelphia: Running Press Book Publishers, 1990). Contains a chapter about how Leonardo viewed the role of anatomy in art.     


Leonardo da Vinci:. Anatomical Drawings (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. New York: Rae Publishing Co., Inc., 1983). Discusses Leonardo’s role as an anatomist with illustrations of his anatomical drawings from the folios of the Royal Library, Windsor Castle.     


Wallace, Robert and the Editors of Time-Life Books. The World of Leonardo (New York: Time-Life Books, 1966).   Contains biographical information, as well as information about every aspect of Leonardo’s life, including the anatomist aspect.     


Vesalius, Andreas. De Humani Corporis     Fabrica (The Fabric of the Human Body, 1543).


Bidloo, Govaert. Anatomia humani corpis (Amsterdam, 1685).


Bernardino, Genga. Anatomia per uso et intelligenza del disegno (Rome: French Rome: Academy of Art, 1691).


Albinus, Bernard S. Tabulae sceleti et musculorum corporis humani (Leiden: University of Leiden, 1747).


Henry Gray, and his illustrator Henry VanDyke Carter. Anatomy, Descriptive and Surgical (London:  1858).


Frank Netter. The CIBA Collection of Medical Illustrations and Atlas of Human Anatomy, ed’s.1, 2 and 3 (New Jersey, Novartis Publishing, 1948).


Vincent Perez. Atlas of Human Anatomy (Boca Raton, Florida: Barcharts, June 2006).  

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